Racism and anti-racism. Policies, struggles and territories

Rita Bosaho (Spain)
General Director of Equal Treatment and Ethnic Racial Diversity of the Ministry of Equality.

Nilma Lino Gomes (Brazil)
Former minister of racial equality in the government of Dilma Rousseff.

Mara Viveros Vigoya (Colombia)
Former president of LASA and professor at the National University of Colombia.

Carlos Alvarez Nazareno (Argentina)
Anti-racist activist, sociologist. UNIAFRO / UNSAM

Mara Viveros, Nilma Lino Gomes, Rita bosaho y Carlos Alvarez Nazareno address the problem of racism in Latin America and Europe as well as the different strategies that both national states and Afro-descendant social movements have deployed in order to combat it. The course covers both conceptual issues of racism and anti-racism, as well as different actions that have been carried out in the framework of the fight against racial discrimination and includes reflections on future challenges and possibilities.

Class 1

Maria Viveros Vigoya

Mara Viveros presents an overview of racism in Latin America, its diversity and heterogeneity, as well as the different responses and actions that have taken place in the face of said problem within the framework of the anti-racist turn in the region. In this sense, she exhibits the multiple places of enunciation and positioning from which this matter can be perceived and addressed, taking up the experiences of alternative grammars of anti-racism.

Class 2

Nilma Lino Gomes

Nilma Lino Gomes establishes the premises that configure racism as a system of colonial oppression. On the one hand, she analyzes the “perfect crime” of the myth of racial democracy from the social and cultural aspects of Brazil. And, on the other hand, she presents the trayectory of the struggle of the black movement in its educating face, building a representation of the resistance directly committed to the acquisition of fundamental rights since 1931.

Class 3

Rita bosaho

Rita Bosaho exposes on anti-racist public policies in the Spanish context. Initially, she introduces the problem of racism in Spain, the way it is conceptualized and its relationship with the European colonization process. Second, she refers to the policies to combat discrimination based on racial or ethnic origin that have been promoted in this country by various state institutions, based on advances in the European framework. And finally, she formulates some reflections regarding the future challenges in relation to the anti-racist struggle in the Spanish nation.

Class 4

Carlos Alvarez Nazareno

Carlos Álvarez addresses the problem of racism and racial discrimination in Latin America, both structural and institutional violence and its leaks in the daily sphere and the field of the symbolic. At the same time, he shares the various strategies implemented by the Afro-descendant social movement in the region, as well as the public policies and affirmative actions for the inclusion of Afro-descendant communities carried out by the governments of the south of the continent.


Maria Viveros Vigoya

Colombian anthropologist, economist, professor and researcher. Her research interests are linked to the study of the intersections of gender, sexuality, class, race and ethnicity in the social dynamics of Latin American societies, among other topics. She has a PhD in Anthropology, a Master's in Latin American Studies from the University of Paris III and is an economist from the National University of Colombia. She served as director of the School of Gender Studies, on two occasions, and was also president of the Latin American Studies Association (LASA). Currently, she is a tenured professor at the Faculty of Human Sciences of the national university of her country and is part of the School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences in Paris. Among her many publications are “The colors of masculinity: intersectional experiences and power practices in Latin America” (2018) and “Of breakers and compliers: on men, masculinities and gender relations in Colombia” (2002).

Nilma Lino Gomes

Brazilian pedagogue. She was the first black woman to preside over a federal public university in Brazil, being rector of the University of International Integration of Afro-Brazilian Lusophonia (UNILAB) in 2013. Graduated in Pedagogy from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), she carried out a Master's Degree in Education from the same institution and then a doctorate in Social Anthropology from the University of São Paulo (USP). She also did a post-doctorate in Sociology from the University of Coimbra, Portugal. Some of the topics she works on are social movements and education; race relations, cultural diversity and gender; school organization and teacher training for ethnic-racial diversity. In the political sphere, she was in charge of the Ministry of Women, Racial Equality, Youth and Human Rights between 2015 and 2016 under the presidency of Dilma Rousseff and previously she headed the Secretariat for Policies for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SEPPIR). Currently, she is a tenured professor emerita at the UFMG Faculty of Education.

Rita bosaho

Sanitarian, activist and Spanish-Equatorial Guinean politician. Since 2020 she is the General Director for Equal Treatment and Ethnic Racial Diversity of the Ministry of Equality of Spain. Graduated in History from the University of Alicante, she has a Master's Degree in Identities and Integration in Contemporary Europe and is currently developing her doctoral thesis on the impact of European colonization in Africa. She is part of Unidos Podemos, and has been a deputy for that political party between 2016 and 2019, becoming the first black woman to hold a seat in the lower house of the Spanish Congress. She has extensive experience in public health and has regularly participated in various social organizations in Alicante.

Carlos Alvarez Nazareno

Anti-racist militant and activist for the human rights of Afro-descendants people, LGBT and migrants. Since January 2020, he has been the National Director of Ethnic Racial Equity, Migrants and Refugees, of the Secretariat of Human Rights of Argentina. He is the first Afro-descendant to hold public office in that country. He is a member of the Xangô Group, created in 2013, which promotes the visibility of the Afro community and the fight against racism, discrimination and xenophobia. Also, he is part of the November 8 Commission that brings together Afro-Argentines, Afro-descendants and Africans residing in the country.  

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