Brazilian economist and politician. She was elected president of the Republic of Brazil in 2010, being the first woman to hold this position, and the fourth in all of South America. Re-elected in 2014, her second term was interrupted through an impeachment voted by parliament in August 2016, for which she was removed. She has a broad political career, the result of years of militancy, which began in her youth. She was part of resistance movements against the military dictatorship, being detained and tortured between 1970 and 1973. Recovering her freedom, she entered a career in Economics at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, obtaining a degree in 1977. After to hold various political positions, she joined the Workers' Party (PT) in 2001, and the following year she was appointed Minister of Mines and Energy by President Lula Da Silva. Later, she would be Chief of the Nation's Cabinet, holding that position until 2010, when she ran as a presidential candidate, winning in the second round with 56% of the votes.